The approximate surface of the province is of 305 sq. km., with around 50000 thousand inhabitants. The population has seen many people leave for other countries specially to Argentina and Spain. The local government is currently implementing policies to change productivity, health and education , trying to stop the worker drain.
During the last two years so many people have left for Spain that many children are left with grandparents, uncles or any relative. These are receiving the money which comes from their parents in Spain, so you now find nice three story houses being built throughout the high valley. Unfortunelly, these broken families are the breeding zone of many sad stories as we can read frequently on the local newspapers. Many are "jalados", as people say, by their relatives to Spain, in other words taken thanks to the fact that on the other side their parents are doing everything possible to reunite the family. But, in most cases this doesn't happen and so problems are scaling.