Bolívar is found where the provinces of Potosí, Oruro and Cochabamba meet, at some 3.500 to 4.200 meters over sea level, with a population of 12 thousand. The 31st of January of 1985, by a State Law, it became the fifteenth provincia of the departament, with an extension of 446 square kilometers, 8 cantones and 61 communities.
For many years the population of Bolívar has lived from farming activities. Ninety percent of its potatoe production is turned into "chuño" and shipped to Oruro, a city some eighty kilometers away. The climate of Bolívar is “highland cold”, characterized by low temperatures and pressure, intense solar radiation and a moderate humidity, all of due to the height and closeness to the frozen mountain ranges. Together with the farm production, we can find some handicraft and textile activities. The economical activities are mainly based in the exchange of farm products for those which come fromt he cities. Bolivar is one of the areas which has the lowest influence of the occidental culture, for this reason they still keep many of their native characteristics and organizations, where the chief authority is the Kuraj Tata or field mayor. However, since the changes with the Popular Participation, there are several changes which are happening with these traditional structures. The combined and organized action by part of the government and non governmental organizations, is trying to face the dramatic situations you can find with health, education and houseing.
A typical farmer fair where you can still find bartering being used instead of paper or coin money.