Land of wind and stone mills.Created by Decree on the 24th of November of 1914 under the government of Ismael Montes, Arani is a town which has an image which is associated with winds, the beautiful women of Pocoata and the bread produced with the flour which is grinded by stone mills from the time of the colony.
The geographic and climatic variety of this province, stimulated the well known Cochabambine researcher Guillermo Urquidi to elaborate a long monography, which until now is the most complete study of Arani.Describing the sights which surround the town, Urquidi says: "On the north,far away in the blue horizon, we can see the tall summits of the Oriental Chain of the Andes all covered by snow. Climbing the chain 5 leagues to the east of Arani, you arrive to the plateau of Vacas, of 4 or 5 leagues of circumference, where you can find the famous lagoons of Parco_Cocha, Azero-Cocha, Colpa-Cocha, Totora-Cocha and Yanatam, all connected one with the other, and which are part of several irrigation projects in the valleys.
The small town of Vacas, to the southeast of Cochabamba at 3.700 meters over sea level, according to D´Orbigny, or at 3.290 according to Gesbert, is found on the basin formed by the leveling of the surrounding ranges, to the left we can find several lagoons, which contain various species of aquatic birds, among these are the herons, wild ducks and beatiful flamingos. The festivity of the "Virgen de la Bella" is one of the biggest ones in the high valley. The church of "San Bartolomé" of Arani was established in 1688. It is an important arquitectural work which has a colonial barroque style. The restauration, after the dome caved in, have already been finished, which is good news for the followers of the Virgen and for tourists.