The Aiquile society lived a period of relative well being on the basis of agriculture, where the production happened withing a semifeudal system which kept the peasants under a servanthood. Together with alcohol production there was sugar cane, cattle, handicrafts, woodwork, textiles and others.
Those were good times, where commerce became a very lucrative activity. In those years Aiquile as the capital of the province was a city in constant growth and urban expansion. Two rivers, Santa Ana y San Juan, met nearby at Uchuchajra. There were buildings and homes which reflected a well being not common for those days, nevertheless there was always water and sewage system limitations. Most people had big pigpens, being these a sign of a certain wealth, since most of the population used the rivers for their animals. Families here were well know for their hospitality with all types of foreigners.People were alway generous with their tables, always well put. People were characterized for bieng good friends, hard workers and lovers of music. From those times come memories of respectable families like Gómez Méndez, Flores, Numbela, Quintana, Moreira, Camacho, Vega, Amaya, Vargas, Callao, Krutch, Pereira, Arnez and others In those days there already existed four big alcohol destillation companies, which got the sugar cane through animal transport from the river Mizque settlements like Chujllas, Omereque and other small farms. It was an economical activity which gave good profit to many social sectors, because the alcohol got all the way to the mining centers and Santa Cruz. The Rockefeller Foundation helped efectively against the Malaria, both in the capital town and withing the province.
Paludism killed many people due to the presence of the anofeles mosquito, the transmittor agent.Almost all year round tons of corn grains, wheat and other products were transported from Aiquile to Vila Vila. Starting in 1952, year of the National Revolution, which elminated the large state system, the agricultural production went down, and obviously so did the incomes of the owners. Many of them because of the lack of vision, didn't make any investment, not even in the capital town.
Since then many things have changed, obligating their inhabitants to a massive exodus. The tensions between city residents and farmers got even to the point of bloody confrontations. The bishops and some foreigners have done many efforts to restore the splendor there once was in huge properties like Quiroga, Tipa-Pampa, Novillero, etcétera. However after the earthquake, Aiquile was a vicitim of the corruption of the government, and many things are still in ruins.
In Aiquile people are characterized for their hospitality with foreigners and for music lovers these bands of the 40's were certainly something attractive.